The application process for adoption-based green cards can be lengthy and complex, so it is important to understand what is required in order to apply for one successfully.
The adoption-based green card application process is a way for parents to apply for permanent residency in the United States if they have adopted a child from abroad. This guide will discuss the steps necessary to successfully complete an adoption-based green card application.
A Petitioner must be a U.S. Citizen or Lawful Permanent Resident- The petitioner must be either a U.S. citizen or a Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR). If the petitioner is not already an LPR, then he/she must first apply for LPR status in order to file the adoption-based green card application.
File Form I-600A Application for Advance Processing of an Orphan Petition with USCIS- The next step involves filing Form I-600A with U.S Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). This form has been created specifically for adoptive parents and includes detailed instructions on how to complete it properly and submit it correctly. Additionally, you will need to provide evidence that establishes your eligibility as an adoptive parent and any other supporting documents required by USCIS.
File Form I-600, Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative with USCIS- Once you have completed Form I-600A, you can proceed with filing Form I-600 with USCIS which is also known as the “Petition to Classify Orphan as an Immediate Relative” form. This form requires certain information about both the petitioner and their adopted child such as names, addresses, dates of birth, etc., as well as additional supporting documentation such as proof of identity, proof of marriage (if applicable), proof of residency in the United States, and more depending on individual circumstances.
After completing Forms I-600A and I-600, adoptive parents can submit their green card application to USCIS along with any required supporting documents such as birth certificates or medical records for their adopted child(ren). Once all paperwork has been submitted correctly and reviewed by USCIS agents, applicants will receive notice regarding whether their petition was approved or denied within approximately 4 months after filing the petition(s). Adoption-based green cards are a great way for families who have adopted children from abroad to gain permanent residence in the United States so they can be together.
In order to qualify for an adoption-based green card, you must meet certain requirements and qualifications as outlined by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Generally speaking, you must be:
An orphan or have special needs that can be met in your home country;
Adopted by a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident before turning 16 years old;
Currently under 16 years of age; and
Have a home study completed by an approved agency prior to applying for the green card.
The Application Process
Once you have determined that you meet all of the qualifications listed above, it’s time to start your application process! Here are the steps that you need to complete in order to apply for an adoption-based green card:
File Form I-600A– This is the first step in applying for an adoption-based green card, as this form is used to establish your eligibility as an orphan or special needs child eligible for immigration benefits from the United States. You will need to attach proof of identities, such as birth certificates or other documents that prove your identity and relationship with your adoptive parent(s).
Complete a Home Study– You will need to have a home study completed prior to submitting Form I-600A. A home study is essentially an evaluation of your adoptive family’s ability and suitability to take care of you based on factors such as financial stability, physical environment, emotional support systems, etc., which can help USCIS determine whether or not you should be granted a green card through adoption. Your adopted parent(s) will need to contact an approved agency within their area in order to get this done.
File Form I-600– After completing Form I-600A and having it approved by USCIS, you will then need to file Form I-600 with evidence that proves that either one or both of your adopted parents are U.S. citizens or lawful permanent residents (LPR). Evidence might include passports, birth certificates, naturalization certificates, or other documents proving their status with USCIS.
Wait for Notification– Once Forms I-600A and I-600 are submitted with all supporting documentation included, USCIS will review them both and make a decision regarding whether or not they approve your application. If approved, they will notify you via mail with instructions on how to proceed further with the application process.
Attend Interview– Once all forms have been approved by USCIS, they may require additional information from you during an interview conducted at either their offices or another location designated by them.
Receive Final Approval- If all goes well during your interview with USCIS officials then they may grant final approval after reviewing all paperwork submitted previously along with any other information provided during the interview.
Receive Green Card– After receiving final approval from USCIS officials then they will mail out your actual physical Green Card which can take up to several weeks depending on where exactly it was mailed too.
Renew Green Card Every 10 Years– After receiving your Green Card it must be renewed every 10 years in order to ensure its validity remains valid.
Apply for US Citizenship– Once all renewal processes have been successfully completed then adopting parents who meet certain criteria can also opt into applying for US citizenship if desired once applicable terms have been met.
Applying for an adoption-based green card requires patience and dedication throughout each step of the process but ultimately allows individuals from foreign countries who meet specific requirements to become US citizens if desired once applicable terms have been met making it worth every second spent throughout each step involved.
With this guide in hand, anyone looking into applying should feel more confident when beginning their path toward potential citizenship status.