Maximizing Profits: An NRIs Guide to Investing in Unlisted Companies Your #1 Source for Immigration & Travel Information

Purchasing shares of unlisted companies has a variety of advantages. To begin, due to their being less strictly regulated than publicly traded corporations, unlisted companies present investors with a bigger possibility of earnings. Furthermore, unlisted businesses frequently have lower costs, which makes them more appealing to investors.

Investing in unlisted companies does come with several dangers, though. One reason is that it could be more challenging to evaluate the financial stability of unlisted enterprises. There is also no assurance that you will be able to sell your shares in an unlisted company at the time you need to. Make sure the company is trustworthy by researching if you are considering purchasing from an unlisted company.

What Is an Unlisted Company?

An unlisted company is a privately held company that is not traded on a public stock exchange. This type of company is typically smaller and less well-known than its listed counterpart.

There are several reasons why an investor might choose to invest in an unlisted company:

  • Unlisted companies typically offer greater opportunities for growth and profitability than their listed counterparts.
  • Investing in an unlisted company can provide investors with a sense of ownership and involvement in the company’s operations.
  • Unlisted companies can be a good option for investors who are looking to diversify their portfolios beyond traditional stocks and bonds.

Unlisted Company for NRIs

NRIs have two main options when it comes to investing in unlisted companies: they can invest through a trust or invest as an individual.

  • When investing through a trust, NRIs can rest assured that their investment is safe and that their interests are always taken into account. The trust structure also offers tax benefits and allows the investor to exit their investment at any time.
  • However, if an NRI wishes to exercise more control over their investment or take advantage of upcoming opportunities, investing as an individual may be the better option. This route requires more due diligence on the part of the investor but allows for a higher degree of flexibility and hands-on management.

What Are the Benefits of Investing in Unlisted Companies?

There are several benefits to investing in unlisted companies:

  • Unlisted companies tend to be undervalued by the market, providing investors with the opportunity to maximize their profits.
  • Unlisted companies typically have more room to grow than listed companies, making them a more attractive investment opportunity.
  • They offer investors a higher level of privacy and control over their investments.

How Can NRIs Invest in Unlisted Companies?

Non-Resident Indians who are looking to invest their money in unlisted companies have several options available. These include:

  • Setting up a foreign currency account in India
  • Investing directly in an unlisted company through a stockbroker or stock exchange
  • Investing via a venture capital fund or private equity fund

NRIs should conduct rigorous due diligence and investigate unlisted companies before investing to optimize returns on their investments. This entails investigating the company’s finances, management group, clientele, and competitive landscape as well as evaluating any potential risks. It is also crucial to confirm that the selected company complies with all applicable laws and rules governing investments made by NRIs.

The Most Important Considerations when Investing in Unlisted Companies for NRIs

Investing in unlisted companies is becoming increasingly popular for NRIs looking to maximize profits. When seeking an investment opportunity in unlisted companies, several key considerations need to be taken into account.

  1. Company’s Financials- the risk associated with investing in an unlisted company is significantly higher than investing in a listed company. As such, it is important to thoroughly assess the company’s financials for sustainability and stability before making any investments.
  2. Review the Company’s Growth Potential and Future Plans- Evaluate any factors that may affect their performance, such as market dynamics and government regulations. This will help to determine if the investment has long-term potential and decide whether or not it is worth the time and money. 
  3. Look into the Credibility of the Founders and Management Team– Investing in a startup can be risky—make sure that those responsible for running it have both experience and a track record of success. As NRIs, doing adequate research is key to ensuring a successful investment venture.

Guidelines for NRIs Investing in Private Limited Companies

For NRIs looking to invest in a private limited company, there are a few key guidelines to keep in mind:

  • Always ensure that the company is properly incorporated and registered with the government authority in the country investing in.
  • Conduct due diligence on the company before investing, including looking at its business model, financials, and market trends. 
  • Understand the legal implications of investing in a private limited company and make sure that all documents related to ownership and transfers are properly executed.
  • Investors should take into consideration any tax implications of their investment and develop a strategy for minimizing tax liabilities.

Investment in the Incorporation of a New Company

When considering investing in unlisted companies, one additional option is an investment in the incorporation of a new company. While the risks associated with this type of investing are high, the potential returns are also greater than those offered by investing in existing companies. This can include investments in start-up companies or those that have yet to reach the stock market. Before investing in this kind of, NRIs need to conduct thorough due diligence and consult with a professional financial advisor who is knowledgeable about India’s corporate laws and regulations.

Investment in an Existing Private Company

Many NRIs who are considering investing in an unlisted company may want to consider investing in an existing private company. This type of investment can be beneficial for investors who are looking for opportunities to maximize their profits over a longer time. By investing in an existing private company, investors can benefit from the financial stability and know-how of the current ownership – rather than taking on the risk associated with starting a new business from scratch. However, it is important to note that investors will need to carefully examine all potential opportunities to ensure that they are making a sound investment decision.

Essential Tips for NRI Investors

NRI investors should be mindful of the following tips when investing in unlisted companies:

  1. Do your Research– Investing in private companies involves a high degree of risk, so it’s important to understand the market and the company before investing. Research the company’s track record, financials, competitive advantage, and other important factors before investing.
  2. Avoid Investing based on Emotions– As an investor, it is likely to experience strong emotions when making decisions. It is important to maintain a long-term perspective and think through each investment decision carefully before committing your funds. Remember that profits come with time, not overnight.
  3. Manage the Portfolio Regularly– As an NRI investor, the portfolio should review at least once a quarter to assess whether it needs to adjust or make any changes to better align it with your financial goals and risk profile.


NRIs considering investing in unlisted businesses should carefully weigh the benefits and dangers of doing so. NRIs can choose where to invest their funds effectively by conducting their research and comprehending the investing landscape.