Understanding Gas, Water, and Electricity at Home


How much do you know about the energy that you use every day? Nowadays, we must keep up with the ever-growing infrastructure of energy sources. We often forget about the most basic of these sources: gas, water, and electricity. But without them, our lives would be drastically different. 

Utilities are a necessary part of everyday life, but they can be confusing and expensive. This overview will help you understand the basics of gas, water, and electricity so you can make informed decisions about your home utilities.

  • Gas- Gas is a fossil fuel that is burned to produce heat or power. It is the most common type of utility used in homes, and it is distributed through a network of pipes.
  • Water- is the most essential for life, and it is a major utility used in homes. It is distributed through a system of pipes and pumps. Homes typically have two sources of water – public water from a treatment plant and private wells.
  • Electricity- Electricity powers our homes and businesses. It is produced at power plants and delivered to homes through an electrical grid.

Understanding Electricity Consumption and Prices

As a homeowner, it’s important to understand how your utilities are billed. This can help you budget for expenses and make informed choices about conserving energy. Just as importantly, understanding your consumption habits can help you identify where you can save money on your costs.

Take a look at electricity, your bill will list the kilowatt-hours (kWh) that you’ve used during the billing period, and this is what your electricity company will base your charges on. But what exactly is a kWh?

  • A kWh is a unit of measurement that equals one thousand watts used over one hour. So, if you have ten 100-watt light bulbs turned on for one hour, you’ve used 1 kWh of electricity. Wattage will vary by appliance, so be sure to check before assuming that all of your appliances use the same amount of power.

Now that you know how your electricity consumption is measured, let’s look at how prices are determined. The cost of electricity varies depending on several factors, such as the time of day or year, market conditions, and generation costs. 

Demand charges are based on the highest amount of power used during a given period (typically 30 minutes), even if that power isn’t being used for the entire period. This is why it’s important to limit heavyweight appliances like washing machines and dryers to off-peak hours when demand—and prices—are lower.

The Different Types of Water Consumption

There are three main types of water consumption: domestic, agricultural, and industrial.

  • Domestic water consumption includes the water used in homes for drinking, cooking, bathing, and cleaning.
  • Agricultural water consumption includes the water used to irrigate crops and water livestock.
  • Industrial water consumption includes the water used in factories and other businesses. 

Domestic, agricultural, and industrial water consumption all contribute to global water demand. Each of these is important for the health and well-being of people and ecosystems around the world.

Tips to Reduce Utility Costs

There are many ways to reduce utility costs, and the best way to save money on utilities is to use less energy. Here are some tips to help you conserve energy and lower your utility bills:

  1. Turn off the lights when you leave a room.
  2. Use energy-efficient light bulbs. They last longer and use less electricity.
  3. Reduce the number of appliances you use. When not in use, unplug them from outlets. 
  4. Set your thermostat a few degrees lower in the winter and a few degrees higher in the summer to reduce your heating and cooling costs.
  5. Seal any cracks or leaks around doors and windows to prevent heat loss in the winter and cool air loss in the summer.

Educate yourself about energy conservation. The more you know, the more likely you are to change your behavior and conserve energy.

How to be Energy Efficient with Electricity?

To be energy efficient with electricity, there are a few things you can do. 

  • Use energy-efficient appliances. These appliances use less electricity than traditional appliances and can help you save money on your energy bill. 
  • Use solar power. Solar power is a renewable resource that can help you save money on your energy bill and help the environment. Conserve electricity by using it only when necessary.

Tips to Help Save Money on Monthly Utility Bills

  1. Turn off lights and appliances when you’re not using them.
  2. Don’t leave the fridge door open for too long.
  3. Take shorter showers.
  4. Wash your clothes in cold water.
  5. Get a programmable thermostat.
  6. Seal up any cracks or holes in your home to prevent heat from escaping.
  7. Insulate your walls and attic to further reduce heat loss.
  8. Only run the dishwasher and washing machine when they’re full

Understanding When to Get a New System

It can be difficult to determine when it is time to get a new system for your home. There are a few things you can keep in mind that will help you decide. 

  • If your current system is more than 10 years old, it may be time for an upgrade. 
  • If you are constantly making repairs to your current system, it may be more cost-effective to replace it. 
  • If your energy bills have been increasing despite no change in usage, it could be due to an inefficient system. 
  • If you are unsure, it is always best to consult with a professional to get their opinion on whether or not your home needs a new system.

Calculating your Monthly Utilities

Your monthly utilities can be calculated by using a simple equation.

  • Find your average monthly usage for each type of utility. This can be done by looking at your past bills or contacting your utility company for an estimate. 
  • Once you have this number, you will need to multiply it by the current rate for each type of utility. This will give you your estimated monthly cost for each service. 

For example:

Average monthly electricity usage = 400 kWh

Current rate for electricity = .12/kWh

Monthly cost estimated for electricity = 400 x .12 = 48.00

Fundamentals Home Resources  

Home energy use is responsible for about 21% of all the CO2 emitted in the U.S. annually. So it’s good to know that making your home more energy efficient not only saves you money on utility bills but also reduces your impact on the environment.

Most homes use a combination of gas, water, and electricity, so it’s important to understand how each one works and how they work together. Here are some key facts about gas, water, and electricity:

  • Gas is used for heating, cooking, and hot water. In most homes, gas comes into the house through a main pipe from the street and is then distributed to different appliances through a system of smaller pipes.
  • Water is used for drinking, cooking, bathing, washing clothes and dishes, and watering plants. It comes into homes through a main pipe from the street and is then stored in a tank or cistern until it’s needed.
  • Electricity powers lights, appliances, computers, and other electronic devices. It enters homes through an electrical panel from the power grid and is then distributed to different outlets throughout the house.